Agriculture is the single largest contributor to eutrophication of the Baltic Sea, its role is estimated to 50 percent. Today the trend is that agriculture is intensified and specialized, particularly through livestock farming. Some farms have more and more animals, while others do not have animals at all. This affects the need for import of fertilizer and animal fodder. This specialization is a threat to the Baltic Sea.
The Diet for a Clean Baltic concept facilitates for end-users in the food chain – restaurants, caterers and consumers – to choose a diet, which pushes for conversion to ERA farming and thereby strategically helps the environment.
The concept of a Diet for a Clean Baltic is based on BERAS’ research on nutrient leakage of nitrogen and phosphorus and it combines six criteria that will result in a drastically reduced eutrophication of the Baltic Sea.
These are the criteria for a “Diet for a Clean Baltic”:
- Tasty, attractive and healthy. If the “Diet for a Clean Baltic” is to have a broad impact, factors such as taste, smell, visual presentation and packaging etc. need to be addressed.
- Organically produced. Food will preferably come from an ERA farm, or at least be organically produced according to EU (or stricter) requirements.
- 20% meat. The animals are needed on the farm, but the number of animals should not exceed the farm’s capacity to grow its own fodder. The majority of meat consumed should come from ruminants. Dairy products are not included in the 20%.
- Locally produced. Locally produced food can be defined as food produced and consumed within a specific area where the sender is evident. The bigger the metropolitan region, the bigger the catchment area that can be called “local “.
- Seasonal. Seasonal food is fresh, healthy and genuine. It is food that at any one moment or period is at its best and available on the local market
- Reduced waste. Reducing waste contributes to a more healthy climate and environment. The food waste that is generated anyway should go to animal fodder or biogas production.
Together with ERA farming and Sustainable Food Societies the Diet for a Clean Baltic concept has the potential to influence all aspects and actors of the food chain – from field to fork – in a direction that will contribute to saving the Baltic Sea.
Contact us for more information on our work with Diet for a Clean Baltic!