The Baltic Sea

Food consumed around the Baltic Sea and its processing, is of great importance for the Baltic Sea environment. Agriculture is the single largest contributor to eutrophication of the Baltic Sea, its role is estimated at 50 percent*. Today the trend is that agriculture is intensified and specialized, particularly through livestock farming. Some farms have more and more animals, while others do not have animals at all. This affects the need for import of fertilizer and animal fodder. This specialization is a threat to the Baltic Sea.

Agriculture plays a big role for the eutrophication of the Baltic Sea. The BERAS project has identified how a transformation of the whole food chain could contribute to a cleaner sea. For more information on BERAS and its research, please visit

Did you know that:

  • 3% of the Baltic Sea water is replaced each year
  • The Baltic Sea is 50 meters deep on average
  • The Baltic Sea is affected by water flowing from 10 countries
  • With ecological recycling agriculture nitrogen losses can be reduced by half and phosphorus losses sharply reduced
* FAO-OECD recently upgraded the food chain’s global climate effect from 30% to 50%, and also identifies the possibility to make the whole chain climate neutral.